Federal Employment Anti-discrimiation Laws

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A number of key anti-discrimination laws dictate the employment relationship. Employers and human resource managers must be aware of anti-discrimination laws in order to stay compliant with them and to avoid exposing the company to liability. Some key laws include:

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act

Title VII is one of the most significant anti-discrimination laws. It prohibits employers from altering the terms or conditions of employment based on a person's race, color, national origin, sex or religion. This includes making adverse decisions such as not hiring an employee, changing his or her job status, altering benefits and terminating an employee due to these factors.  

Age Discrimination in Employment Act

This federal anti-discrimination law prohibits the discrimination of applicants or employees who are 40 or older. This law applies to private employers with 20 or more employees, the federal government and employment agencies. 

Older Workers Benefits Protection Act

This law protects employees 40 or older from discrimination regarding their employment benefits.

Americans with Disabilities Act

This law prohibits employers from discriminating against applicants or employees because they have a disability, have a history of having a disability or are perceived to have a disability. It prohibits discrimination that affects applications, testing, hiring, job assignments, discipline, training, medical exams, termination, and any other aspect of employment.  

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act

This law prohibits an employer from using the genetic information of an applicant or employee to make employment decisions. It also requires employers to keep acquired genetic information confidential. The law applies to private employers with at least 15 employees, federal government workers, state government workers, labor organizations, and employment agencies.

This is a small sampling of federal anti-discrimination laws that pertain to many employers. It is important employers understand discrimination in the workplace and learn ways to avoid it. 

Cite this article: Lynch, N. (2017). Federal Employment Anti-Discrimiation Laws: https://www.lynchlf.com/blog/federal-employment-anti-discrimiation-laws/


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